You will learn from what others are doing and they will learn from you. Pre-requisite: beginning spinning. Fees include instruction and use of equipment. Workshop fees do NOT include materials. You may bring your own fibers or purchase what you need from the Fiber Garden.
Be sure and indicate the class length you are enrolling for on the registration form. Blending Fibers…Bringing Out the Best! This one or two day workshop will explore characteristics of many fibers including wool, alpaca, silk, cotton, tencel, nylon, and more! We will keep busy with blending experiments…blending multiple fibers together to create yarns that accentuate the best qualities of each fiber.
In two day classes we will spin the blends and create sample notebooks. You will leave with a notebook filled with information on various fibers, carded samples of blends, and handspun yarn samples.
You will leave with greater confidence to utilize multiple fibers to create that perfect yarn! Students should bring a drum carder if they have one, or handcarders if they do not have a drum carder. It laid the foundations for later machinery such as the spinning jenny and spinning frame , which displaced the spinning wheel during the Industrial Revolution. Basic spinning of yarn involves taking a clump of fibres and teasing a bit of them out, then twisting it into a basic string shape.
You continue pulling and twisting to make it longer and longer, and to control the thickness. Thousands of years ago, people begin doing this onto a stick, called a spindle , which is a very lengthy process. The actual wheel part of a spinning wheel doesn't take place of the spindle, instead it automates the twisting process, allowing you to "twist" the thread without having to constantly do so manually, and also the size of the wheel lets you more finely control the amount of twist.
The thread still ends up on a spindle, just as it did pre-wheel. The wheel itself was originally free-moving, spun by a hand or foot reaching out and turning it directly. Eventually, simple mechanisms were created that let you simply push at a pedal and keep the wheel turning at an even more constant rate. This mechanism has been the main source of technological progress for the spinning wheel, before the 18th century. The spinning wheel was most likely invented in the Islamic world by the early 11th century.
There is evidence pointing to the spinning wheel being known in the Islamic world by , and the earliest clear illustration of the spinning wheel is from Baghdad , drawn in The spinning wheel then spread from the Islamic world to Europe and India by the 13th century, with the earliest European illustration dated to around and the earliest unambiguous Indian reference dated to Wayne Smith and J.
Tom Cothren have claimed that the spinning wheel was invented in India between and The earliest unambiguous reference to a spinning wheel in India is dated to , suggesting that the spinning wheel was introduced from Iran to India.
The spinning wheel replaced the earlier method of hand spinning with a spindle. The first stage in mechanizing the process was mounting the spindle horizontally so it could be rotated by a cord encircling a large, hand-driven wheel. The great wheel is an example of this type, where the fibre is held in the left hand and the wheel slowly turned with the right. Holding the fibre at a slight angle to the spindle produced the necessary twist. This type of wheel, while known in Europe by the 14th century, was not in general use until later.
The construction of the Great Wheel made it very good at creating long drawn soft fuzzy wools, but very difficult to create the strong smooth yarns needed to create warp for weaving.
In general, the spinning technology was known for a long time before being adopted by the majority of people, thus making it hard to fix dates of the improvements. In , a citizen of Brunswick is said to have added a treadle , by which the spinner could rotate her spindle with one foot and have both hands free to spin. Leonardo da Vinci drew a picture of the flyer, which twists the yarn before winding it onto the spindle.
During the 16th century a treadle wheel with flyer was in common use, and gained such names as the Saxony wheel and the flax wheel. It sped up production, as one needn't stop spinning to wind up the yarn. According to Mark Elvin , 14th-century Chinese technical manuals describe an automatic water-powered spinning wheel. Comparable devices were not developed in Europe until the 18th century. However, it fell into disuse when fibre production shifted from hemp to cotton.
It was forgotten by the 17th century. The decline of the automatic spinning wheel in China is an important part of Elvin's high level equilibrium trap theory to explain why there was no indigenous industrial Revolution in China despite its high levels of wealth and scientific knowledge.
On the eve of the Industrial revolution it took at least five spinners to supply one weaver. Lewis Paul and John Wyatt first worked on the problem in , patenting the Roller Spinning machine and the flyer-and-bobbin system, for drawing wool to a more even thickness. Using two sets of rollers that travelled at different speeds, yarn could be twisted and spun quickly and efficiently.
However, they did not have much financial success. In , Richard Arkwright used waterwheels to power looms for the production of cotton cloth, his invention becoming known as the water frame. More modern spinning machines use a mechanical means to rotate the spindle, as well as an automatic method to draw out fibres, and devices to work many spindles together at speeds previously unattainable. Numerous types of spinning wheels exist, including the great wheel also known as walking wheel or wool wheel for rapid long draw spinning of woolen -spun yarns; the flax wheel , which is a double-drive wheel used with a distaff for spinning linen ; saxony and upright wheels, all-purpose treadle driven wheels used to spin both woolen and worsted-spun yarns; and the charkha , native to Asia.
Until the acceptance of rotor spinning wheel, all yarns were produced by aligning fibres through drawing techniques and then twisting the fibre together. How to spin Learn to spin on an Ashford Traditional spinning wheel. How to ply Plying basics with Richard Ashford. Good Posture For Spinning It is important to be comfortable and have good posture when spinning.
Maintaining your spinning wheel Richard Ashford shows you how to get the best out of your wheel by doing a little maintenance. Ashford Fibre Mill - Take a tour Take a tour of our fibre mill and see how our fibre is processed. Here Too? Seems Like Yesterday, Vol.
GerryO , Nov 5, The mono single of Spinning Wheel runs around The version on the quad LP I mentioned with the trumpet solo runs around Location: In a split level on Long Island on the south shore. Muzyck , Nov 5, Location: Eastern Iowa. You must log in or sign up to reply here. Show Ignored Content.Wheel Visualizer - See OUR Wheels on YOUR ride! Simply click ‘Year’ below to get started. Some sets in our Wheel Visualizer may require a special-order fee.